ISAIAH: Species: Haliaeetus leucocephalus, Bald Eagle  •  Born: 1988   •  Gender: Male
Disability: Missing one eye

MRS. JEFFERSON: Species: Haliaeetus leucocephalus, Bald Eagle •  Born: 1989   •  Gender: Female
Disability: Blind in one eye, amputated hallux

UPDATE 11-19-19

Viewers will notice that Mrs. Jefferson and Isaiah are no longer featured on our Dollywood Eagle Cam page. Unfortunately,  Mrs. Jefferson has glaucoma, an eye condition that requires her to be kept off-site at AEF headquarters where she can receive the ongoing daily care that she needs.

Kaitlyn Dotson, Curator of Ornithology at the American Eagle Foundation, elaborated on this condition:

Mrs. Jefferson was taken off Eagle Mountain Sanctuary on June 2, 2019 because caregivers noticed that she was squinting her eye a lot. She was taken to the University of Tennessee School of Veterinary Medicine where Mrs. Jefferson was examined by both Dr. Jones, who is the primary veterinarian for all our birds, and an ophthalmologist.

It was determined that Mrs. Jefferson had uveitis (an inflammation of the eye) and also glaucoma. The pressure in her eye initially was 60 millimeters of mercury – whereas normal eagle eye pressure is between 10 – 20. So the pressure in her eye was seriously high. She was prescribed 3 drops a day for about a month, and the uveitis cleared up completely. However, glaucoma is a condition that will have to be monitored and treated for the remainder of her life.

She was taken to AEF headquarters where she is under special care.  Her eye pressure is currently around 28, so much better than it has been! Of course, since Mrs. Jefferson and Isaiah were a mated pair, everyone wants to know how they are doing since they have been separated, and what kind of long-term care will Mrs. Jefferson have to have.

Even though AEF caregivers would love to see Mrs. Jefferson and Isaiah back together up on the hill, that just isn’t possible. Our long-term goal for Mrs. Jefferson is for eye drops to be a positive experience for her. We hope to glove train her so that she can have the best quality of life possible. Isaiah is already back in the Pick-A-Mate section, where he seems to be comfortable and doing very well. Isaiah has been in Pick-A-Mate before, so that is not unfamiliar to him.

The following video addresses Mrs. Jefferson’s condition:

Previous History:

Isaiah and Mrs. Jefferson are permanently disabled, non-releasable Bald Eagles that were transferred to the American Eagle Foundation in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee to be forever cared for.

They have hatched and raised numerous young as a part of the AEF’s Captive Breeding and Hacking programs. Mrs. Jefferson laid her first egg in 2012, and both parents participated in the successful rearing of an Eaglet, which was later released into the wild in the foothills of the Smoky Mountains on Douglas Lake.

Read more about AEF’s Captive Breeding and Hacking program.

Both of these Eagles were originally placed in the ‘Pick-a-Mate’ section of Eagle Mountain Sanctuary at Dollywood—Isaiah in 1991 and Mrs. Jefferson in 2000.

In 2011, AEF staff noticed nesting activity in the Pick-a-Mate enclosure, but at first the two eagles could not be positively identified. After closer observation, it was noticed that one eagle had only one eye, and was identified as Isaiah. Using binoculars, a staff member tried to positively identify the female that was with Isaiah, and dark markings under the eyes, along with two leg bands, tentatively identified her as Mrs. Jefferson.

In November 2011 during the annual physicals given to the eagles in Eagle Mountain Sanctuary, the last bird to be examined was the female that had been seen with Isaiah. Positive identification was made. Mrs. Jefferson and Isaiah were given their own nest and placed into a private enclosure in Eagle Mountain Sanctuary.

In 2014, this pair was featured on the AEF’s Live Nest Cam Program. On camera, viewers could tell the pair apart by the fact that Isaiah is actually missing an eye, whereas Mrs. Jefferson has both eyes, but can only see out of one.


Isaiah is a male Bald Eagle from Missouri that was injured by a shotgun in 1988. One of the pellets destroyed his left eye. He has all of his flight capabilities, but is missing his left eye. Isaiah arrived at the American Eagle Foundation’s education, breeding and rehabilitation center in Pigeon Forge, TN in 1991.

Since Bald Eagles are predators and rely on keen vision for hunting, he would find it difficult to catch prey and survive in the wild. Isaiah was placed in “Eagle Mountain Sanctuary” Pick-a-Mate section at Dollywood in hopes that he would select a mate and raise young that could then be released into the wild.

In November 2019, Isaiah was placed back in the Pick-A-Mate section and has adjusted well.

Mrs. Jefferson

Mrs. Jefferson is a female Bald Eagle, found standing, but not moving, on a river bank in 2000 by canoers. The canoers captured her and transported her in the canoe with them—a very risky decision on the part of the canoers, as Bald Eagles can be very aggressive. Suffice it to say, they managed to get her to stay in the canoe and bring it (and her) safely to shore.

She was examined, and seemed to be favoring her left wing and left leg. Nothing was broken, but there might have been nerve damage. She was found to be blind in her left eye, resulting from an old injury that might have occurred if she hit the water wrong while diving for a fish.

Since she was blind in one eye, she was deemed non-releasable. She also had an injury to the hallux (back toe) that required its removal. Full use of their feet is necessary for an eagle to be able to catch fish and other prey. Mrs. Jefferson was then put in Eagle Mountain Sanctuary at Dollywood Entertainment Park in Pigeon Forge, TN in hopes that she would select a mate. If that happened, and if young resulted from the mating, the offspring would be released into the wild.

On June 2, 2019, Mrs. Jefferson was taken from Eagle Mountain Sanctuary due to a serious eye condition that must be carefully monitored and treated with daily eye drops. She is doing much better, but can no longer live on the mountain. (See update at top of page.)


Bald Eagles typically mate for life. They will only look for a new mate if their faithful companion dies. Together, they build huge nests known as ‘aeries’ atop tall and strong trees. They make use of twigs, grasses, soft mosses, and feathers in making their nests.

They normally return to the same nest during breeding season, adding new materials to it each year.  A new eagle pair’s nest measures about five feet in width and two feet in depth, but as they add to it year after year, it can reach widths of over ten feet and weigh up to a ton or more.

Learn more about Bald Eagles.